(5745 words)
  • Alison Searle (University of Sydney)

Historical Context Essay

  • The Literary Encyclopedia. Volume 12: Global Voices, Global Histories: World Literatures and Cultures.

Reformation and the Tudors

Puritans were “the hotter sort of Protestant” who emerged amongst English-speaking peoples in the aftermath of the Continental Reformation initiated by the German monk, Martin Luther (1483-1546), and the French lawyer, John Calvin (1509-64). The Reformation in many parts of Europe involved a clear-cut transformation of existing ecclesiastical structures and practices of worship but the situation in England was more complex. Henry VIII (r. 1509-47) initially broke with the Church of Rome for political rather than religious reasons: he desired to divorce his wife, Catherine of Aragon and the Pope refused to grant approval. Consequently Henry VIII, with the assistance of his …

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Searle, Alison . "Puritanism". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 10 August 2007
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=912, accessed 05 July 2015.]

Related Groups

  1. Religious Reform, Protestants, Dissenters
  2. Anglican Reformation 16th Century - Politics and Religion