Georg Büchner, Woyzeck

Gerhard P. Knapp (University of Utah)
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(the title was supplied by later editors) was most likely begun in summer of 1836 when Büchner lived in exile in Strasbourg. Upon the author's death in 1837, the text remained unfinished. The four extant drafts (the exact sequence of the manuscripts has been much debated in research) are sufficient for performance and reading. They were first published in 1878 in a flawed edition as “Wozzeck”, a performance arrangement was premiered in 1913.


is considered the seminal and foremost social drama in German literature and altogether Büchner's most influential work. It had an enormous impact on Naturalism, Expressionism and on many modernist and post-modernist authors, and it inspired, next to Alban Berg's opera


, a number of musical adaptations and films.

With his

2312 words

Citation: Knapp, Gerhard P.. "Woyzeck". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 14 March 2003 [, accessed 12 June 2024.]

10376 Woyzeck 3 Historical context notes are intended to give basic and preliminary information on a topic. In some cases they will be expanded into longer entries as the Literary Encyclopedia evolves.

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