Victor Marie Hugo: Odes et Ballades [Odes and Ballads]

(1599 words)

Victor Hugo began writing poetry regularly at the age of twelve. At seventeen, he twice won prizes at France’s major poetry contest, the Jeux Floraux of Toulouse, and became a “Maître” who could thenceforth judge that competition. Chateaubriand, the leading writer of early nineteenth-century France, called him a “sublime child” (Albouy, ed., lxiii). King Louis XVIII awarded him a permanent state pension in 1822. He was appointed poet laureate for Charles X’s coronation in 1825. Among European poets, only Goethe and Shelley matched Hugo’s precocious mastery of versification, stanzaic forms, and classic lyrical modes from Ancient Greece and Rome (ode, elegy, verse narrative, and satire).

The Odes et Ballades (1…

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Porter, Laurence M.. "Odes et Ballades". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 05 May 2011
[, accessed 26 September 2016.]

Related Groups

  1. European Romanticism