The raucous and rowdy first productions in 1830s Paris of Victor Hugo’s play Hernani, a Romantic story of love and honor set in sixteenth-century Spain, marked a turning point in the history of French theater. Classicism’s reign was now over. If Madame de Staël’s De l’Allemagne (1810-13) had announced the arrival in France of Romanticism, it was Hugo’s Hernani that signaled its public triumph. The antagonism between Hugo’s revolutionary ideas about theater and the reactions of the French theater-going public and traditionalist critics, still attached to the forms of earlier generations, became known as the bataille d’Hernani [Battle of Hernani]. …

2075 words

Citation: Usher, Phillip John. "Hernani". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 15 November 2010 [, accessed 01 April 2023.]

11219 Hernani 3 Historical context notes are intended to give basic and preliminary information on a topic. In some cases they will be expanded into longer entries as the Literary Encyclopedia evolves.

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