Stéphane Mallarmé, Le Vierge, le vivace et le bel aujourd'hui

Liesl Yamaguchi (University of California, Berkeley)
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The untitled sonnet known by its incipit “Le vierge, le vivace et le bel aujourd’hui” [The virgin, the vivacious, and the beautiful today] was first published in the March 1885 issue of the

Revue indépendante

. Its date of composition is unknown, but its affinity with the author’s longer poem

Hérodiade

has long led scholars to propose 1865-75 as the most likely period of composition. More recent scholarship on the evolution of the sonnet form in Mallarmé’s œuvre supports privileging the later end of this date range, as the poem’s rhyme scheme (abba abba ccd ede) conforms to the exceptionally rigorous requirements set out in Théodore de Banville’s 1872

Petit traité de poésie française

, which Mallarmé appears to have adopted in his poetic practice sometime between 1872…

2087 words

Citation: Yamaguchi, Liesl. "Le Vierge, le vivace et le bel aujourd'hui". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 24 February 2018 [https://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=11325, accessed 03 March 2024.]

11325 Le Vierge, le vivace et le bel aujourd'hui 3 Historical context notes are intended to give basic and preliminary information on a topic. In some cases they will be expanded into longer entries as the Literary Encyclopedia evolves.

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