Marie-Louise Gagneur: Le Calvaire des femmes (2227 words)

Cecilia Beach (Alfred University)
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Le Calvaire des femmes [The Ordeals of Women] by Marie-Louise Gagneur is a social novel exposing the suffering of working-class women and the corruption, decadence and injustice of Second Empire France. It was first published in serial form in Le Siècle (4 Nov. – 7 Dec 1866), followed by a sequel entitled Les Réprouvées [The Outcasts]. The original title of the first part was L’Enfer des femmes (Women’s Hell), but was changed to Le Calvaire des femmes on 22 November 1866 when it was brought to the author’s attention that another book had recently been published under the first title. In addition to a volume printed by

Citation: Beach, Cecilia. "Le Calvaire des femmes". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 22 July 2017 [, accessed 18 June 2021.]

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