Middle English romance, the most popular secular genre in late medieval England, is often considered a genre of adaptation and imitation. Stories, themes, and plot devices are recycled and reimagined in different periods and different languages. The Octavian romance, popular throughout Europe in a variety of languages, including Italian, Danish, Dutch, German, Icelandic and Polish, is a perfect example of the way medieval romance developed during the Middle Ages and into the sixteenth century, surviving in a number of prose forms. The romance is important both for its representation of a typical Middle English romance, and for its specific treatment of themes of class and social mobility and religious difference.
Burge, Amy. "Octavian". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 27 December 2017
[https://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=38774, accessed 14 November 2019.]