Charlemagne’s grandfather, Charles Martel (Charles the Hammer), practical ruler of the Frankish kingdom, has gained fame through his military skills and leadership qualities which made it possible for him to defeat the Arabic forces that threatened not only his kingdom, but also Western Christendom altogether. In 732 Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, Umayyad ruler of the Iberian Peninsula, crossed the Pyrenees and attacked the country north of it. At first he defeated Duke Eudes (Odo) of Aquitaine, who had already been weakened the year before through a defeat at the hand of Charles Martell. Abdul Rahman reached the Loire, but in October of that year he suddenly, perhaps unexpectedly, encountered the Frankish military ruler between Tours and Poitiers who beat him decisively in the ensuing…

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Citation: Classen, Albrecht. "Charles Martel". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 29 February 2008 [, accessed 22 April 2024.]

11904 Charles Martel 1 Historical context notes are intended to give basic and preliminary information on a topic. In some cases they will be expanded into longer entries as the Literary Encyclopedia evolves.

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