Mark Rutherford (William Hale White)

Stuart Sim (University of Sunderland)
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Mark Rutherford was the pen-name used by William Hale White for his fictional output, while a critical study of John Bunyan’s work was published under his own. A civil servant for most of his career, he also did some editing and translating, but it was not until his 50s that he began to produce the six novels on which his reputation rests. Bunyan was a major influence on Hale White, who came from Bedford and had family connections to the Bunyan Meeting there. All of the Rutherford novels –

The Autobiography of Mark Rutherford


Mark Rutherford’s Deliverance


The Revolution in Tanner’s Lane


Miriam’s Schooling


Catherine Furze

(1893), and

Clara Hopgood

(1896) – bear the mark of a Puritan-nonconformist sensibility, featuring characters wrestling with…

1645 words

Citation: Sim, Stuart. "Mark Rutherford (William Hale White)". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 15 February 2019 [, accessed 17 April 2024.]

14432 Mark Rutherford (William Hale White) 1 Historical context notes are intended to give basic and preliminary information on a topic. In some cases they will be expanded into longer entries as the Literary Encyclopedia evolves.

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