(2918 words)
  • John Phillips (National University of Singapore)

Aristotle was born in 384 BC at Stageira, a seaport on the coast of Thrace in the northern Greek dominion of Macedonian Kings. Aristotle’s father, Nichomachus, the court physician to the Macedonian King Amyntas, died while Aristotle was young. At the age of 17 Aristotle went to Athens where he studied for 20 years in Plato’s Academy. When Plato died in 347 Speusippus took over as head of the Academy and Aristotle left to work with his friend Hermeas in Mysia. A short time later he became the personal tutor of Alexander, the son of Philip of Macedonia, until Alexander succeeded to the Macedonian throne in 336 and set off on his conquests to become Alexander the Great. Aristotle then returned to Athens to set up the Lyceum, …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are not a subscriber, please click here to read about membership. All our articles have been written recently by experts in their field, more than 95% of them university professors.

Phillips, John. "Aristotle". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 06 January 2005
[, accessed 30 June 2015.]