Ernest Hemingway was born in Oak Park, Illinois, a Chicago suburb, in 1899. During his early years he was influenced by his father, Clarence E. Hemingway, a physician who loved the outdoors and taught his son to fish and hunt, and by his mother, Grace Hall Hemingway, a forceful artistic woman who gave voice lessons and painted. The family summered in a cottage in northern Michigan, where Hemingway found opportunities for outdoor activities and observed the local Indians. He was educated in the Oak Park and River Forest High School but chose not to attend a university. Instead, at the age of eighteen, he joined the staff of the Kansas City Star in Kansas City, Missouri, as a cub reporter. Although he had written stories for his …
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Fleming, Robert E.. "Ernest Hemingway". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 10 March 2001
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