Vladimir Propp was a Russian philologist and structuralist who analysed the basic plot components of Russian folktales in order to identify their simplest irreducible narrative elements. His research on fairy-tales achieved world recognition as the first application of structuralism to the humanities and created the foundation for new disciplines, such as narratology, semiology and structural anthropology. Umberto Eco considers that “Saussure + Lévi-Strauss + Hjelmslev + Propp drawn up the method, which tried to be integral one, that is know as structuralism”. (Eco, p. 348). Successors such as Roland Barthes, A. J. Greimas and Claude Lévi-Strauss tried to spread this method and resolve similar tasks, looking for the narrative …
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Olshansky, Dmitry. "Vladimir Propp". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 19 May 2008
[https://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=3652, accessed 19 January 2019.]