Jean-Paul Sartre

(2962 words)
  • Andrew Leak (University College London)

Jean-Paul Sartre was born on 21 June 1905 in Paris. His father, Jean-Baptiste, was a naval officer, and his mother, Anne-Marie Schweitzer, was of the professional middle-classes and a first cousin of the world-famous missionary Albert Schweitzer. The death of his father when “Poulou” (as he was known in his family) was still a baby was later described by Sartre as the most significant event of his life; it obliged his mother to take her child back to live with her parents in Meudon and, later, Paris. Sartre’s sheltered childhood – he was largely educated at home by his mother and grandfather – came to a jolting end with the remarriage of his mother in 1917 to an engineer named Joseph Mancy. The threesome moved …

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Citation:
Leak, Andrew. "Jean-Paul Sartre". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 31 October 2005
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=3940, accessed 16 April 2014.]

Articles on Sartre's works

  1. Huis clos [In Camera]
  2. L'Être et le néant [Being and Nothingness]
  3. Les Mains sales [Crime Passionnel]

Related Groups

  1. Nobel Prize-winners