Carol Bolt was a Chalmers Award-winning playwright associated with the collective creation movement, a generation of English-Canadian theatre artists in the 1970s who rejected British and American imports in favour of new, nationalistic work. Her plays explored Canadian material with a political conscience. Her major works (

One Night Stand


Red Emma


Buffalo Jump


Cyclone Jack

) have been produced internationally in the USA, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand. Bolt was also active in theatre for young audiences and wrote for radio and television. She was a founding member of the Playwright's Co-op and influenced Canadian playwriting as a teacher and advocate.

Bolt was born Carol Johnson in Winnipeg, Manitoba on August 25, 1941. Her mother was a teacher and her father a miner and logger.

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Citation: Scott, Shelley. "Carol Bolt". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 22 January 2004 [, accessed 14 April 2024.]

476 Carol Bolt 1 Historical context notes are intended to give basic and preliminary information on a topic. In some cases they will be expanded into longer entries as the Literary Encyclopedia evolves.

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