Mandy Green (University of Durham)
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“Our Vergil” (

noster Vergilius

), as Seneca claims him with more than a touch of nationalistic pride, was universally acclaimed in the Roman world as the greatest of their poets and a worthy rival of the Greek epic poet, Homer. Virgil's influence on the literature of medieval, renaissance and modern Europe has likewise been incalculable. Virgil's reputation rests on three works: the


a highly crafted collection of pastoral poems modelled on the


of the Sicilian Greek poet Theocritus; the


(“On husbandry”), a practical handbook on farming matters that is nevertheless deeply informed by larger and more philosophical concerns in the didactic tradition of the early Greek poet Hesiod (

Works and Days

) and the Roman poet Lucretius (

De rerum natura

, “On the nature of…

4267 words

Citation: Green, Mandy. "Virgil". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 21 March 2002 [, accessed 05 March 2024.]

5079 Virgil 1 Historical context notes are intended to give basic and preliminary information on a topic. In some cases they will be expanded into longer entries as the Literary Encyclopedia evolves.

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