John Milton was born in Bread Street, London, on 9 December 1608. His mother, Sarah, was the daughter of a merchant-tailor; his father, also named John Milton, was a scrivener and moneylender, and an amateur composer of music. They had one older child, Milton's sister Anne.

Milton's early life was financially comfortable. He was taught at home by various tutors, including Thomas Young, then studied at St Paul's School under Alexander Gill, then in February 1625 was admitted to Christ's College, Cambridge where his tutor was the erudite William Chappell. The sixteen-year old Milton entered the wider world as the foundations of government trembled: in 1625 King James died and was succeeded by his son Charles I who then married a French Catholic Queen, Henrietta Maria; the first Caroline

4590 words

Citation: Raymond, Joad. "John Milton". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 March 2001 [, accessed 23 April 2024.]

5163 John Milton 1 Historical context notes are intended to give basic and preliminary information on a topic. In some cases they will be expanded into longer entries as the Literary Encyclopedia evolves.

Save this article

If you need to create a new bookshelf to save this article in, please make sure that you are logged in, then go to your 'Account' here

Leave Feedback

The Literary Encyclopedia is a living community of scholars. We welcome comments which will help us improve.