Poet and essayist, a leading figure of European literary modernism, Portugal's most important literary personality of the 20th century, Fernando Pessoa was named by critic Harold Bloom in

The Western Canon

(1994) as one of the 26 fundamental authors of the Western tradition. His statue sits on a bench outside Lisbon's famed coffeehouse


, wearing the glasses, hat, bow tie, and dark suit similar to the figure captured in a rare photograph while crossing a square in the city he almost never left. Fernando Pessoa is a presence in Lisbon: the Casa Fernando Pessoa houses many of his belongings and sponsors exhibits and activities, while his remains have been transferred to the 16th century Jerónimos cathedral, which holds the tombs of Renaissance poet Luís de Camões and Viceroy…

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Citation: Jackson, Kenneth David. "Fernando Pessoa". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 20 March 2009 [https://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=5572, accessed 15 June 2024.]

5572 Fernando Pessoa 1 Historical context notes are intended to give basic and preliminary information on a topic. In some cases they will be expanded into longer entries as the Literary Encyclopedia evolves.

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