John Cleland

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Peter Byrne (Independent Scholar - North America)

The dearth of biographical information about John Cleland (1710-1789) is partly due to the scandal surrounding the novel for which he is usually remembered, Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure (more commonly, and inaccurately, known as “Fanny Hill”, after the main character); many of his contemporaries and their biographers mentioned him briefly and with embarrassment or distaste. Even the recent reassessment of the work has not corrected this situation fully; the only significant biographical study remains William Epstein's John Cleland: Images of a Life (1974), from which much of the following is derived.

John Cleland was born in 1710 in Kingston, Surrey, the oldest of three children (brother Henry b. 1711, …

1849 words

Citation: Byrne, Peter. "John Cleland". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 20 October 2001 [, accessed 08 February 2023.]

915 John Cleland 1 Historical context notes are intended to give basic and preliminary information on a topic. In some cases they will be expanded into longer entries as the Literary Encyclopedia evolves.

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