Literary/ Cultural Context Essay

Martin Kich (Wright State University); Revised By: Justin Francis Doherty (Trinity College Dublin)
Download PDF Add to Bookshelf Report an Error


Acmeism (from the Greek


: highest point or culmination)

is the name of a poetic movement founded in Russia in 1912 on the initiative of two poets, Nikolai Gumilev and Sergei Gorodetsky. Its members also included two major Russian poets of the first half of the twentieth century, Anna Akhmatova and Osip Mandelstam [Mandel’shtam]. There were a total of six “official” Acmeist poets, the remaining two more obscure members being Vladimir Narbut and Mikhail Zenkevich.

As an active association of like-minded poets, Acmeism was short-lived: after vigorously promoting the new movement in the autumn of 1912 and early the following year, Gumilev transferred his energies first to an expedition to Africa (his third) in April 1913, and then in 1914 signed up for active service at the outbreak

2380 words

Citation: Kich, Martin, Justin Francis Doherty. "Acmeism". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 21 June 2005 [, accessed 15 April 2024.]

14 Acmeism 2 Historical context notes are intended to give basic and preliminary information on a topic. In some cases they will be expanded into longer entries as the Literary Encyclopedia evolves.

Save this article

If you need to create a new bookshelf to save this article in, please make sure that you are logged in, then go to your 'Account' here

Leave Feedback

The Literary Encyclopedia is a living community of scholars. We welcome comments which will help us improve.