The Union Of Soviet Writers (1932-1991)

Literary/ Cultural Context Essay

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The Union of Soviet Writers (

Soiuz Sovetskikh pisatelei

) was established in April 1932. All other exisiting writers’ groups were thereupon banned (including the arch-loyalist Russian Association of Proletarian Writers, or “RAPP”). This step was brought in by a Communist Party Central Committee resolution for the “reconstruction of literary and artistic organisations”. Socialist Realism was promulgated as the one essential artistic method. Branches of the Union were established in all Soviet republics, provinces and main towns. Parallel unions in the other branches of artistic activity were set up soon afterwards.

The first president of the Soviet Writers’ Union was Maxim Gorky. Membership was open to all writers who were intending to publish (including literary critics and

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Citation: Cornwell, Neil. "The Union Of Soviet Writers (1932-1991)". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 06 September 2005 [, accessed 22 June 2024.]

1583 The Union Of Soviet Writers (1932-1991) 2 Historical context notes are intended to give basic and preliminary information on a topic. In some cases they will be expanded into longer entries as the Literary Encyclopedia evolves.

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