Reform and renaming of Communist Party in Poland

Historical Context Note

Pawel Styrna (University of Illinois at Chicago)
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The Polish United Workers’ Party (Polska Zjednoczona Partia Robotnicza, or PZPR) was established in December 1948 through a forced merger of the Polish Workers’ Party (PPR) and the Polish Socialist Party (PPS). It remained the ruling Marxist-Leninist party in Soviet-occupied Poland until the Round Table Agreements and the elections of 1989. At its eleventh and final congress held on 27-30 January 1990, the PUWP was officially disbanded and the party banner was removed from the hall.

Former PUWP activists, including former Prime Minister Mieczyslaw Rakowski, Leszek Miller, and Aleksander Kwasniewski, immediately formed a successor party, the Social Democracy of the Polish Republic (SdRP). The new organization assumed control over PUWP property and claimed to be a reformed and democratic

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Citation: Styrna, Pawel. "Reform and renaming of Communist Party in Poland". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 26 June 2009 [, accessed 25 July 2024.]

4099 Reform and renaming of Communist Party in Poland 2 Historical context notes are intended to give basic and preliminary information on a topic. In some cases they will be expanded into longer entries as the Literary Encyclopedia evolves.

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