Great Sioux War (160 words)

Historical Context Note

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The Great Sioux War (1876-77), also known as the Black Hills War, was between the United States and the Lakota and the Northern Cheyenne tribes (the Sioux) in present day South Dakota. The Black hills were declared as being for the exclusive use of the Lakota in the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868, which created the Great Sioux Reservation. The Black Hills were sacred to the Lakota people, as well as being an important woodland and hunting ground. However, the richness of the land attracted the attention of Dakota's settlers, and the US government could not control the encroachment of them onto Lakota land. By 1874 the treaty had become worthless as the government-endorsed Custer Expedition discovered gold, sparking a flood of …

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  1. First Peoples in North America

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