André Breton, Manifeste du surréalisme [Surrealist Manifesto]

Benjamin Andréo (Monash University)
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Manifeste du surréalisme

(1924; reed. 1929) is the first of three programmatic texts written by André Breton. Together with

Second manifeste du surréalisme

(1930; Reed. 1946) and

Prolégomènes à un troisième manifeste du surréalisme ou non

(1942), it is often collected under the title

Manifestes du surréalisme



deserves consideration in its own right, however. Its value lies at the intersection of the collective and the personal (“son sort dépen[d] étroitement du mien propre” (9) [“its fate is closely linked to my own”], Breton reminds us in his second preface). It is at once serious and playful, prosaic and lyrical, and of historical importance:


provided the fledgling “mouvement flou” [“vague and blurry movement”] with its first set of…

3428 words

Citation: Andréo, Benjamin. "Manifeste du surréalisme". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 27 September 2017 [, accessed 22 April 2024.]

33204 Manifeste du surréalisme 3 Historical context notes are intended to give basic and preliminary information on a topic. In some cases they will be expanded into longer entries as the Literary Encyclopedia evolves.

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