Jack London lived beyond his income for much of his writing career. To pay his bills, he was often forced to produce what he called “immediately remunerative short fiction for the magazines” (Letters, 612–13). In 1911, age thirty-five, he gathered twelve of these short stories into When God Laughs, an uneven collection where forgettable hack work rubs shoulders with such masterpieces as the anti-imperialist “The Chinago” or London’s “most provocative story of social injustice” and child labour, “The Apostate” (Reesman, 87).
The protagonist of “The Chinago”, Ah Cho, is a twenty-two-year-old expatriate Chinese coolie – a Chinago – …
Fachard, Alexandre. "When God Laughs". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 13 June 2017
[https://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=35829, accessed 19 January 2018.]