Get unlimited online access to over 9000 articles written by specialist scholars, 20-30 new articles each month, for only $29.00/year. Or persuade your institution to subscribe on your behalf. Details at SUBSCRIPTIONS.
We are delighted to announce the winners of this year's Travel Award competition:
There is no hope in individualism for egotism. When a man is at last brought face to face with himself by a brave Individualism, he finds himself face to face, not with an individual, but with a species, and knows that to save himself, he must save the race. He can have no life except a share in the life of the community; and if that life is unhappy and squalid, nothing that he can do to paint and paper and upholster and shut off his little corner of it can really rescue him from it.
The article is part of a series of interconnected essays on feminism and other social-political movements of emancipation that have played a crucial role in the fight for women’s rights from the 19th century onwards (see under the thematic group ‘Feminism and Women’s Studies’, https://www.litencyc.com/php/showgrouparticles.php?articlegroupid=21). Focusing on the earlier history of the United States, the article discusses key figures and historical moments, throwing light on the slow march of legislative changes that have contributed to bringing the ‘woman’s question’ at the forefront of the political arena.
In its careful delineation of the contours of an epoch, its discriminative choice of illustrative texts and its analytical sharpness, the article provides an excellent example of contextual situatedness, a way of looking at literary art that places it within the contours of its epoch – the famous Spanish siglo de oro or ‘Golden Age’ – but also within the larger tendencies and cultural currents prevalent in Europe at the time.
In the recent political context dominated by various waves of refugee crises and an ongoing war, an article that looks at the literary production emerging precisely as a result of an earlier conflict (the Lebanese Civil War) and its consequent cultural disruptions/ relocations provides a long-term perspective that the history of the present cannot possibly entertain. It is both a fascinating excursion into the wealth of Lebanese works published outside Lebanon by writers as diverse as Rabih Alameddine, Rawi Hage, Nada Awar Jarrar or Patricia Sarrafian Ward, and a reminder that imagination and creativity often flourish on the back of longstanding historical trauma.
The essay exemplifies the variety of ways in which graphic art has engaged with works of literary fiction. Reviewing some of the theoretical implications of adapting what is essentially a verbal form into the multi-modal, verbal-visual form of graphic sequential art, the article then looks chronologically at a selection of examples taken mainly from English-language comics, manga and graphic novels, many of which are of highly canonical literary texts. Insightful and ambitious, the article occupies a critical space that helps redefine the concept of adaptation and reveals the versatile ways in which the visual and the verbal interconnect and enhance each other.
The Literary Encyclopedia is a living community of scholars. We welcome comments which will help us improve.